Today, 95 percent of all trade is conducted via sea routes. Alongside the military expansion of China and Russia arises a threat to international trade routes. Ravdeep Sandal of the NATO Association of Canada explores the implications of the military expansion from China and Russia on international trade security.
In 1995, Canada and Spain entered into a maritime dispute off the eastern coast of Canada. Canadian warships intercepted and seized Spanish fishing vessels not obeying the quotas of multilateral institutions tasked with fostering intergovernmental cooperation in the area. This conflict, dubbed the Turbot War, is an example of Canada use of unilateral force when multilateralism fell short. Lessons from this case should be applied to the changing Far North.
Canada’s maritime forces are increasingly visible in the Caribbean and Central America. Paul Pryce discusses the opportunities this presents.
There exist striking similarities between piracy and transnational terrorism. Particularly, both are bound by a ‘maritime logic of deterritorialisation.’ In order to face the present-day challenges of transnational terrorism, perhaps we can look to the history of piracy for lessons learned.