Erdogan’s victory in the referendum shows the power of a leader channeling the national interest to take back the state. It is another expression of the populist trend sweeping across the Atlantic and the European continent and positions Erdogan closer to Nigel Farage, Donald Trump or Marine Le Pen than it does to Arab dictators in neighbouring Middle-Eastern countries.
With Iraqi forces gaining ground in their fight against ISIS in Mosul, it remains unclear what the fate of the city will be after it is entirely retaken. Nabil Bhatia highlights some of the challenges that lay ahead and recommends a course of action for the Iraqi government.
Michael Lumbers, Fadi Dawood, and Evon Sworesho discuss ISIS, and role Iraq’s government will have to play in bringing the fragmented society together following the liberation of Mosul.
Ongoing conflict in Iraq has left behind a region with devestated infrastructure. One dam along the Tigris, river in particular is of utter importance. Leon Fleddermann examines the importance of the Mosul dam for the region and predicts the disaster that a breach would result in.