Lessons from the Canada-Spain Turbot War: A Cautionary Tale of Multilateral Governance

In 1995, Canada and Spain entered into a maritime dispute off the eastern coast of Canada. Canadian warships intercepted and seized Spanish fishing vessels not obeying the quotas of multilateral institutions tasked with fostering intergovernmental cooperation in the area. This conflict, dubbed the Turbot War, is an example of Canada use of unilateral force when multilateralism fell short. Lessons from this case should be applied to the changing Far North.

ISIS and The Destruction of Material Culture

ISIS’ occupation of Mosul and Nineveh Plains villages in northern Iraq, has displaced hundreds of thousands of individuals from their homes. The Nineveh Plain region is dotted with ancient Assyrian villages, monasteries, churches, and other historically significant sites that speak to a vibrant community that has survived for thousands of years in the area. The […]

Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems- Changing the Environment of Warfare

Sandra Song discusses the two-sided challenge of the Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) and its implications for the future of warfare, as an introduction to Canada’s Defence Perspectives 2020-2050: Recapitalization and the Canadian Forces