While outlining a divergence of US-EU interests with regards to Russia, the new US sanctions also remind Europe of its dangerous energy dependence on Russia.
The deployment of a Patriot long range air defence system in Lithuania could be a blow to Baltic defence cooperation without shifting the balance of forces in the region.
Europe may gain in hard power capabilities if it manages to create a single defence market, along with a European Defence Technological and Industrial Base.
In Part II on European Defence, Léo-Paul Jacob explores the possibility of creating a European force.
The lack of cooperation in the field of defence has a high cost for the EU. The Commission recently presented a plan to solve this problem. Is it the first step towards a common EU defence?
In September, Russia will hold an important military exercise next to the Baltic states. In order to ensure the security of the latter, NATO must enhance its presence in the region.
The Ukrainian armed forces, from 2014, have reformed to meet NATO standards by 2020. However, if Ukraine wants to join NATO, upgrading its army will not suffice.
Due to his declining popularity, the fate of Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev is uncertain. Vladimir Putin could choose a new prime minister following the 2018 elections, as to preserve his own popularity and legitimacy.
Emmanuel Macron’s foreign policy will be centred around building a stronger and more integrated Europe — most notably by developing greater defence cooperation between EU member states.
Will the dispute regarding the Kuril Islands ever be resolved between Russia and Japan? Léo-Paul Jacob explores.