Martine Ghazouli has recently finished a Master of International Relations and Global Politics at McMaster University. In 2017, Martine completed a Bachelor of Arts at McMaster University Summa Cum Laude where she double majored in Honours Political Science and Sociology. Martine’s interest in international relations and global affairs began early in life through her love of travel, meeting new people, and exposure to various cultures through these experiences. Martine’s areas of interest are North-South relations, post-colonial studies, global governance, and security issues. In the future, Martine would like to pursue a career in security, or diplomacy to further global peace efforts. Outside of her career and academic interests, Martine is an avid reader, theatre goer, and loves to travel. She can be contacted by e-mail at
Centre For Disinformation Studies

What Constitutes Fake News in Hong Kong

Between March and October of 2020, 17 countries passed new laws aimed at stifling the spread of online misinformation. Citing the increasingly contentious pandemic-related content as a primary justification, multiple governments and distinctly authoritarian regimes cracked down on critics and limited individual expression under the pretense of maintaining social stability. Hong Kong is keen to Read More…

Legal Editor Lex et Orbis

Locke’s Argument for Extra-Legal Prerogatives in a Modern Legal Constitutional Framework

This essay inquires whether John Locke’s stands on prerogatives still applicable in the liberal constitutional democracy. First, the essay analyzes how prerogatives work in a modern liberal constitutional framework. Second, it argues whether there is a need for an extra-legal prerogative in a modern liberal constitutional democracy. Locke argues that the deficit within the legislature is the Read More…

3. Events Calendar Previous Events

Delivering the COVID-19 Vaccines: Global Cooperation on a Common Goal

These experts will address the challenges of procuring and equitably distributing the COVID-19 vaccine across the globe, as well as the challenges of international cooperation in tackling a common threat. Make sure to join us to hear from these wonderful speakers!

3. Events Calendar Previous Events

Reflections on Future Trans-Atlantic Priorities: A Croatian Perspective

We are excited to be holding a virtual discussion with H.E. Vice Skračić, the Croatian Ambassador to Canada, on March 10th! The discussion will primarily focus on Croatia and Canada’s Bilateral Relationship, Common Security Interests, and challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. It will also touch upon the NATO Alliance and the Croatian Delegation, and Read More…