Anessa Kimball is a professor in the Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, director of Centre sur la sécurité internationale (CSI, Centre on International Security) at Université Laval, Québec city, and co-director of the Canadian Defence and Security Network (CDSN). Kimball’s research on defence and security cooperation appears in scientific journals and in university presses.
NATO and Canada

Rethinking NATO’s 2 Per Cent Defence Spending Target: 2023 Enlargement, Canadian Defence Needs, Cooperative Bargaining Models, and Institutional Outcomes 

With Finland having joined NATO, the alliance has added its 31st member. Finland’s significant defence capabilities integrated into NATO will affect Arctic collaboration with some implications for Canada. In this article, Anessa Kimball explores Canadian defence needs, and whether the alliance’s 2 per cent GDP defence spending target remains relevant.