Diplomatic Chess in the Arctic

The rapidly melting Arctic is creating an opportunity for resource extraction and the expansion of shipping routes. In 2008, under the US Department of the Interior’s supervision, the United States Geological Survey estimated that 13% of the world’s undiscovered oil and 30% of its gas is located in the Arctic Circle. Eight years later at […]

Lessons from the Canada-Spain Turbot War: A Cautionary Tale of Multilateral Governance

In 1995, Canada and Spain entered into a maritime dispute off the eastern coast of Canada. Canadian warships intercepted and seized Spanish fishing vessels not obeying the quotas of multilateral institutions tasked with fostering intergovernmental cooperation in the area. This conflict, dubbed the Turbot War, is an example of Canada use of unilateral force when multilateralism fell short. Lessons from this case should be applied to the changing Far North.

Our Northern Vanguard: What Next for NORAD?

The Canadian Department of National Defence (DND) is looking at bolstering its contributions to the joint US-Canada North American Aerospace Defence Command (NORAD). The Pentagon is open to Canada’s playing an increased role in the Arctic, particularly in the fields of multi-sensor systems for detecting incoming ballistic missiles, ships and aircraft. Endorsed by a rare […]